Zhu Jian’er

Zhu Jian’er
b. 1922, Tainjin
Composer, educator
Zhu Jan’er grew up in Shanghai and taught himself to play the piano during his middle school years. Even before receiving a formal music education, he began composing and worked in a ‘Literature and Arts Troupe’ (wengongtuan) in the 1940s. From 1949 he served as a composer for the Shanghai and Beijing National Film Studios. He was sent to the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow (1955–60). Since 1975 he has worked for the Shanghai Symphony as a composer-in-residence. In the late 1990s he went to New York as a visiting scholar, studying contemporary music.
His stylistic development is remarkable. His early works, such as the overture The Holiday (Jieri, 1958), a symphonic cantata based on words by Mao Zedong (1959), and a Fugato for string quartet, based on the model ballet The White-haired Girl (Baimaonü, 1972) and composed together with Shi Yongkang, are all characterized by a tonal, pentatonic idiom. As composer-in-residence at the Shanghai Symphony, he attended many classes on New Music held at the Shanghai Conservatory. This, along with field-trips to Guizhou province, are reflected in his numerous symphonies and symphonic poems written in short succession since the mid 1980s. Each explores new dimensions in compositional technique and instrumental make-up.
Zhu writes symphonies for suona (Chinese cornet), musical saws and percussion, in twelve-tone, aleatoric and expressionist styles. He incorporates melodies, rhythmic patterns and other structural elements from China’s folk musical traditions. And many of his symphonic works are programmatic. His First Symphony (1986) and his Second Symphony (1987), for example, two studies in manipulated twelve-tone-technique, both deal with the Cultural Revolution. They are pieces of ‘Scar music’ (see Scar literature). Work on his First Symphony actually began in early 1977, when Zhu felt enthusiastic about the ending of the ‘ten years of stagnation’, as the Cultural Revolution would come to be called. Yet completion of the symphony took him nine years. During this period, he researched the Cultural Revolution and wrote In Memory (1979), a ‘symphonic fantasy’.
Luo, Zhongrong (ed.) (1996). Xiandai yinyue xinshang cidian [Dictionary for the Appreciation of Contemporary Music]. Beijing: Gaodeng jiaoyu, 697–706.
Mittler, Barbara (1997). Dangerous Tunes. The Politics of Chinese Music in Hong Kong, Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China since 1949. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 97–105 and 151–2.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zhu Jian'er — (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhū Jiàn ěr ; b. Tianjin, China, 1922) is a prominent Chinese composer.He was born in Tianjin and brought up in Shanghai, and lived in Jing County, Anhui, China. He began composing in 1940 and pursued composition studies at… …   Wikipedia

  • Jian Yong — était un ministre chinois au service du seigneur de guerre Liu Bei lors de la fin de la dynastie Han en Chine antique. Agissant à titre d émissaire ou de diplomate, il fut décrit comme un homme sans manières et impudent, doté cependant d un bon… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jian Yong — Chinese t=簡雍 s=简雍Jian Yong, styled Xianhe (憲和) was a minister serving under Liu Bei during the Three Kingdoms era of China. Jian Yong served under Liu Bei since the very beginnings of him raising his own army, acting as an envoy and advisor.… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhu Zhi — Chinese t=朱治 s=朱治Zhu Zhi (156 224) was a general for the Kingdom of Wu during the Three Kingdoms era of China. He served Sun Jian early on and participated in the battles against Dong Zhuo.After the death of Sun Jian, his son Sun Ce became a… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhu Jun (Han Dynasty) — Chinese t=朱儁 s=朱俊Zhu Jun (149 195 A.D.) was an official of the Chinese dynasty Han Dynasty. As a character in the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms [Luo Guanzhong, Three Kingdoms: A Historical Novel: No. 1 , translated by Moss… …   Wikipedia

  • Zhu Yousong, Prince of Fu — Chinese Emperor birth=1607 death=1646 family name=Zhu (朱) given name=Yousong (由崧) begin reign=1644 end reign=June, 1645 dynasty=Ming (明) era name=Hongguang (弘光) begin era=1644 end era=June, 1645 temple name=Anzong (安宗) posthumous name… …   Wikipedia

  • Shuijing zhu — Das Shuijing zhu (chinesisch 水經注 / 水经注, W. G. Shui ching chu ‚Kommentar zum Klassiker der Flüsse, Kommentar zum Buch der Gewässer, Gewässerbuch Kommentar, Kommentar zum Gewässerklassiker, Gewässer Klassiker mit Kommentar, etc.‘)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Empress Zhu Manyue — (朱滿月) (547 586), later Buddhist nun name Fajing (法淨), was a concubine of Emperor Xuan of Northern Zhou (Yuwen Yun), an emperor of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Zhou, and she was the mother of Emperor Jing (Yuwen Chan).Zhu Manyue was said… …   Wikipedia

  • Sun Jian — Three Kingdoms infobox Name=Sun Jian Title=Minor warlord Kingdom=Eastern Han Dynasty Born=155 Died=191 Successor=Sun Ce Simp=孙坚 Trad=孫堅 Pinyin=Sūn Jiān WG=Sun Chien Zi=Wentai (文臺) Post=Emperor Wulie (武烈皇帝) Other=The Tiger of JiangdongSun Jian… …   Wikipedia

  • Huang Zhu — Huang Zu Huang Zu est un nom asiatique ; le nom de famille, Huang, précède donc le prénom Zǔ. Huang Zu (黃祖, ? – 208) est un général chinois ainsi qu un lieutenant sous l autorité du seigneur de guerre Liu Biao lors de la fin de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”